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Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain: The Definitive, 4th Edition Review ë 2 å ➶ [Read] ➲ Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain: The Definitive, 4th Edition By Betty Edwards ➾ – Citybreakscheap.co.uk Introduction Drawing used to be a civilized thing to do like reading and wCognition by computers but reading the meaning of changes in facial expression accomplished instantly and e ortlessly by the right hemisphere will take muchtime and workMeanwhile visual images are everywhere and visual and verbal information compete for attention Constant multitasking linked to information overload is challenging the brains ability to rapidly shift modes or to simultaneously deal with both modes of input The recent banning of texting while driving illustrates the problem of the brains di culty in simultaneously processing two modes of information This recognition that we need to nd productive ways to use both modes perhaps explains why replicating right hemisphere processes is only now emerging as important and even perhaps criticalA complication the brain that studies itselfAs a number of scientists have noted research on the human brain is complicated by the fact that the brain is struggling to understand itself This three pound organ is perhaps the only bit of matter in the our universeat least as far as we knowthat observes and studies itself wonders about itself tries to analyze how it does what it does and tries to maximize its capabilities This paradoxical situation no doubt contributes to the deep mysteries that still remain despite rapidly expanding scienti c knowledge One of the most encouraging new discoveries that the human brain has made about itself is that it can physically change itself by changing its accustomed ways of thinking by deliberately exposing itself to new ideas and routines and by learning new skills This discovery has led to a new category of neuroscientists neuroplasticians who use microelectrodes and brain scans to track complex brain maps of neuronal communication and who have observed the brain revising its neuronal mapsBrain plasticity a new way to think about talentThis conception of a plastic brain a brain that constantly changes with experience that can reorganize and transmute and even develop new cells and new cell connections is in direct contrastto previous judgments of the human brain as beingakin to a hard wired machine with its parts genetically determined and unchangeable except for development in early childhood and deterioration in old age For teachers like myself the science of brain plasticity is both exciting and rea rmingexciting because it opens vast new possibilities and rea rming because the idea that learning can change the way people live and think has always been a goal of education Now at last we can move beyond the ideas of xed intelligence limits and special gifts for the lucky few and look for new ways to enhance potential brain powerOne of the exciting new horizons that brain plasticity opens is the possibility of uestioning the concept of talent especially the concepts of artistic talent and creative talent Nowhere has the idea of the hard wired brain with its notion of given or not given talent been as widespread as in the eld of art and especially in drawing because drawing is the entry level skill for all the visual arts The common remark Drawing Not on your life I cant even draw a straight line is still routinely announced with full conviction by many adults and evendistressingly by many children as young as eight or nine who have tried and sadly judged as failures their attempts to draw their perceptions The reason given for this situation is often a at out statement I have no artistic talent And yet we know now from knowledge of brain plasticity and from decades of work by me and many others in the eld that drawing is simply a skill that can be taught and learned by anyone of sound mind who has learned other skills such as reading writing and arithmeticDrawing however is not regarded as an essential skill in the way the three Rs are viewed as necessary life skills It is seen as perhaps a peripheral skill nice to have as a pastime or hobby but certainly not indispensable And yet somehow at some level we sense that something important is being ignored Surprisingly people often euate their lack of drawing skill with a lack of creativity even though they may be highly creative in other areas of their lives And the importance of perception often shows in the words we speak phrases that speak of seeing and perceiving When we nally understand something we exclaim Now I see it Or when someone fails to understand we say the person cant see the forest for the trees or doesnt get the picture This implies that perception is important to understanding and we hope that we somehow learn to perceive but it is a skill without a classroom and without a curriculum I propose that drawing can be that curriculumPublic education and the artsDrawing of course is not the only art that trains perceptual thinking Music dance drama painting design sculpture and ceramics are all vitally important and should all be restored to public schools But Ill be blunt even if there were the will there is no way that will happen because it would cost too much in this era of ever diminishing resources for public education Music reuires costly instruments dance and drama reuire staging and costumes sculpture and ceramics reuire euipment and supplies Although I wish it were otherwise high cost visual and performing arts programs that were terminated long ago will not be reinstated And cost is not the only deterrent Over the last forty years many educators decision makers and even some parents have come to regard the arts as peripheral and lets face it frivolousespecially the visual arts with their connotation of the starving artist and the mistaken concept of necessary talentThe one art subject that we could easily a ord is drawing the skill that is basic to training visual perception and is therefore the entry level subjectthe ABCsof perceptual skill building Among people who oppose arts education drawing doesnt escape the frivolity label but it is a ordable to teach Drawing reuires the simplest of materialspaper and pencils It reuires a minimum of simple euipment and no special rooms or buildings The most signi cant reuirement is a teacher who knows how to draw knows how to teach the basic perceptual skills of drawing and knows how to transfer those skills to other domains Of all the arts drawing is the one that can t into todays rapidly shrinking school budgets And most parents are very supportive if their children acuire real substantive drawing skills as opposed to theusual expressive manipulation of materials in vogue in recent decades At around ages seven to nine children long to learn how to make things look real in their drawings and they are well able to learn to draw given appropriate teaching If educators would nd the will there would be a way Nautilus books for a Better World Silver winner as Best Creative Process Boo.
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The Brain in which I focused on explaining my insight and proposing that individuals who had never been able to draw could learn to draw well very rapidlySubseuently my colleagues and I developed a five day workshop of forty hours of teaching and learning eight hours a day for ve days which proved to be surprisingly e ective students acuired uite high level basic drawing skills in that brief time and gained all the information they needed to go on making progress in drawing Since drawing perceived subjects is always the same task always reuiring the ve basic component skills they could proceed to any subject matter learn to use any or all drawing mediums and take the skill as far as they wished They could also apply their new visual skills to thinking The parallels to learning to read were becoming obviousOver the next decade from to the connection of perceptual skills to general thinking problem solving and creativity became acentral focus for me especially after publication of my book Drawing on the Artist Within In thisbook I proposed a written language for the right hemisphere the language of line the expressive language of art itself This idea of using drawing to aid thinking proved to be uite useful in a class on creativity that I developed for university students and in small corporate seminars on problem solvingThen in I again revised Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain again incorporating what we had learned over the years of teaching the ve basic skills and re ning the lessons I especially focused on the skill of sighting proportion and perspective which is perhaps the most di cult component skill to teach in words because of its complexity and its reliance on students acceptance of paradox always anathema to the logical concept bound left brain In addition I urged using perceptual skills to see problemsNow with this third revision in I want to clarify to the best of my ability the global nature of drawing and to link drawings basic component skills to thinking in general and to creativity in particular Throughout many cultures both in the United States and worldwide there is much talk of creativity and our need for innovation and invention There are many suggestions to try this or try that But the nitty gritty of precisely how to becomecreative is seriously lacking Our education system seems bent on eliminating every last bit of creative perceptual training of the right side of the brain while overemphasizing the skills best accomplished by the left side of the brain memorizing dates data theorems and events with the goal of passing standardized tests Today we are not only testing and grading our children into the ground but we are not teaching them how to see and understand the deep meaning of what they learn or to perceive the connectedness of information about the world It is indeed time to try something di erentFortunately the tide seems to be turning according to a recent news report A small group of cognitive scientists at the University of California at Los Angeles is recommending they call perceptual learning as a remedy to our failing educational practices They express hope that such training will transfer to other contexts and they have had some success with achieving transfer Discouragingly however the news report ended In an education awash with computerized learning tools and pilot programs of all kinds the future of such perceptual learning e orts is far from certain Scientists still dont know the best way to train perceptual intuition or which speci c principles its best suited for And such tools if they are incorporated into curriculums in any real way will be subject to the judgment of teachersI would like to suggest that we already have a best way to train perceptual skills it has been staring us in the face for decades and we havent or wouldnt or couldnt accept it I think it is not a coincidence that as drawing and creative arts in general have steadily diminished in school curricula since the mid twentieth century the educational achievement of students in the United States has likewise diminished to the point that we now rank behind Singapore Taiwan Japan the Republic of Korea Hong Kong Sweden the Netherlands Hungary and SloveniaIn perceptual psychologist Rudolf Arnheim one of the most widely read and respected scientists of the twentieth century wrote The arts are neglected because they are based on perception and perception is disdained because it is not assumed to involve thought In fact educators and administrators cannot justify giving the arts an important position in the curriculum unless they understand that the arts are the most powerful means of strengthening the perceptual component without which productive thinking is impossible in every eldof academic study What is most needed is notaesthetics oresoteric manuals of art education but a convincing case made for visual thinking uite in general Once we understand in theory we might try to heal in practice the unwholesome split which cripples the training of reasoning powerDrawing does indeed involve thought and it is an e ective and e cient method for perceptual training And perceptual knowledge can impact learning in all disciplines We now know how to rapidly teach drawing We know that learning to draw like learning to read is not dependent on something called talent and that given proper instruction every person is able to learn the skill Further given proper instruction people can learn to transfer the basic perceptual components of drawing to other learning and to general thinking And as Michael Kimmelman said learning to draw is a boon to happinessa panacea for the stultifying and uncreative drudgery of standardized testing that our schools have embracedOur two minds and modern multitaskingToday as research expands and the information processing styles and proclivities of the hemispheres become ever clearer respected scientists are recognizing functional di erences as evident and real despite the fact that both hemispheres appear to be involved to a greater or lesser extent in every human activity And there remains much uncertainty about the reason for the profound asymmetry of the human brain which we seem to be aware of at the level of language The expression I am of two minds about that clearly states our human situation Our two minds however have not had an eual playing eld until recently language has dominated worldwide especially in modern technological cultures like our own Visual perception has beenor less taken for granted with little reuirement for special concern or education Now however computer scientists who are trying to replicate human visual perception nd it extremely complicated and slow going After decades of e orts scientists have nally achieved facial re.
Review Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain: The Definitive, 4th Edition
Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain The Definitive 4th Edition[Read] Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain: The Definitive, 4th Edition By Betty Edwards Citybreakscheap.co.uk Introduction Drawing used to be a civilized thing to do like reading and writing It was taught in elementary schools It was democratic It was a boon to happiness Michael KimmelmanForthan thirty years the Right MOBI Introduction Drawing used to be a civilized thing to do like reading and writing It was taught in elementary schools It was democratic It was a boon to happiness Michael KimmelmanForthan thirty years Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain has been a work in progress Since the original on the Right Side of PDF/EPUB ² publication in I have revised the book three times with each revision about a decade apart the rst in the second and now a third version In each revision my main purpose has been to incorporate instructional improvements that my Drawing on Epub / group of teachers and I had gleaned from continuously teaching drawing over the intervening years as well as bringing up to date ideas and information from education and neuroscience that relate to drawing As you will see in this new version much of the original material remains as it has passed the test of time while I continue to re ne the lessons and clarify instructions In addition I make some new points about emergent right brain signi cance and the astonishing relatively new science called neuroplasticity I make a case on the Right Epub for my lifes goal the possibility that public schools will once again teach drawing not only as a civilized thing to do and a boon to happiness but also as perceptual training for improving creative thinkingThe power of perceptionMany of my readers have intuitively understood that this book is not only about learning to draw and it is certainly not about Art with a capital A The true subject is perception Yes the lessons have helped many people attain the basic ability to draw and that is a main purpose of on the Right Side of PDF/EPUB ² the book But the larger underlying purpose was always to bring right hemisphere functions into focus and to teach readers how to see in new ways with hopes that they would discover how to transfer perceptual skills to thinking and problem solving In education this is called transfer of learning which has always been regarded as di cult to teach and often teachers myself included hope that it will just happen Transfer of learning however is best accomplished by direct teaching and therefore in Chapter of this revised edition I encourage that transfer by including some direct instruction on how perceptual skills learned through drawing can be used for thinking and problem solving in other eldsThe books drawing exercises are truly on a basic level intended for a beginner in drawing The course is designed for persons who cannot draw at all who feel that they have no talent for drawing and who believe that they probably can never learn to draw Over the years I have said many times that the lessons in this book are not on the level of art but are ratherlike learning how to read like the ABCs of reading learning the alphabet phonics syllabi cation vocabulary and so on And just as learning basic reading is a vitally important goal because the skills of reading transfer to every other kind of learning from math and science to philosophy and astronomy I believe that in time learning to draw will emerge as an eually vital skill one that provides eually transferrable powers of perception to guide and promote insight into the meaning of visual and verbal information I will even go out on a limb and say that we mistakenly may have been putting all our educational eggs into one basket only while shortchanging other truly valuable capabilities of the human brain namely perception intuition imagination and creativity Perhaps Albert Einstein put it best The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is a faithful servant We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the giftThe hidden contentAbout six months after publication of the original book in I had the odd experience of suddenly realizing that the book I thought I had written contained another content of which I was unaware That hidden content was something I didnt know I knew I had inadvertently de ned the basic component skills of the global skill of drawing I think part of the reason this content was hidden from me was the very nature of art education at the time where beginning drawing classes focused on subject matter such as Still Life Drawing Landscape Drawing or Figure Drawing or on drawing mediums such as charcoal pencil pen and ink ink wash or mixtures of mediumsBut my aim was di erent I needed to provide my readers with exercises that would cause a cognitive shift to the right hemispherea shift similar to that caused by Upside Down Drawing tricking the dominant left hemisphere into dropping out of the task I settled on ve subskills that seemed to have the same e ect but at the time I thought that there must be other basic skillsmaybe dozens of themThen months after the book had been published in the midst of teaching a class it hit me as an aha that for learning to draw realistic images of observed subjects the ve subskills were itthere werentI had inadvertently selected from the many aspects of drawing a few fundamental subskills that I thought might be closely aligned to the e ect of Upside Down Drawing And the ve skills I realized were not drawing skills in the usual sense they were rock bottom fundamental seeing skills how to perceive edges spaces relationship lights and shadows and the gestalt As with the ABCs of reading these were the skills you had to have in order to draw any subjectI was elated by this discovery I discussed it at length with my colleagues and searched through old and new textbooks on drawing but we did not nd any additional fundamental basic components of the global skill of basic realistic drawingdrawing ones perceptions With this discovery it occurred to me that perhaps drawing could be uickly and easily taught and learned not strung out over years and years as was the current practice in art schools My aim suddenly became drawing for everyone not just for artists in training Clearly the basic ability to draw does not necessarily lead to the ne art found in museums and galleries anythan the basic ability to read and write inevitably leads to literary greatness and published works of literature But learning to draw was something I knew was valued by children and adults Thus my discovery led me in new directions resulting in a revision of Drawing on the Right Side of.